In office, he was known for his liberal stance on civil rights and liberties.
He memorably fought for 15 years to make the birthday of Martin Luther King what it is today – a national holiday.
Conyers was also a founding member of the Congressional Black Caucus.
How did his career pan out?
Born on 16 May 1929, he grew up in Detroit and served in the military for nearly a decade, including 12 months in Korea during the war there (1950-53) when he was a Combat Engineers officer.
“I like to think that my worldview was broadened by my military experience,” he later reflected, according to USA Today.
Going on to train as a lawyer, he became involved in the civil rights movement.
In 1964, he narrowly won his first election in Michigan, becoming one of just six black members of the House of Representatives.
He began his campaign to create “MLK Day” (a movable holiday which next falls on 20 January) just days after the civil rights champion was assassinated in 1968.